Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common musculoskeletal diseases, affecting over 10 million Americans. There are three major types of OA: Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and gouty arthritis. Osteoarthritis occurs when joints and cartilage become damaged by wear and tear or an underlying disease process such as an autoimmune disorder or infection. The most common site for OA is the knee joint, where 75% of all people will experience OA at some point in their lives. In this article, we will explore the five most common risk factors for developing Osteoarthritis, which can be useful in preventing the condition from occurring altogether or reducing its severity if it does occur.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative joint disease that occurs when the cartilage in our joints wears down. The most common joints affected by OA are the hips, knees, hands and fingers.
OA tends to become more common as people age; approximately 25% of men and women over 50 experience symptomatic knee pain or stiffness. This percentage increases from age until about 75 years old, reaching 60%. This number increases again, reaching 70% in women compared to just 35% in men at 80 years old!
In general, OA is more common in women than men. However, the rate of OA varies by age and sex. For example, one study found that while most people with arthritis were older than 60 years old at their diagnosis (around 75%), there was no difference between genders in this regard. Another study found that women are about 20% more likely than men to develop Osteoarthritis later in life—but there’s no clear reason this might be so; it could simply be due to differences in lifestyle choices (e.g., exercise).
Heredity is the most common risk factor for Osteoarthritis. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), genetic factors account for about one-third of the risk of developing this condition.
Genes linked to OA include COL2A1 and COL11A1, which are linked to higher levels of cartilage breakdown in patients with a family history of OA.
Obesity is a risk factor for Osteoarthritis, and it’s associated with an increased risk of knee osteoarthritis. Obese people are more likely to have low levels of the hormone leptin, which regulates appetite and body weight. Leptin also affects pain sensitivity, so obese people may experience greater pain when they move their joints or put pressure on them.
But there’s good news: losing weight can help prevent Osteoarthritis! In one study published in The American Journal of Medicine in 2015 (1), researchers found that overweight adults who lost 5% or more of their body weight experienced fewer symptoms than those who hadn’t lost any weight at all—and even though these improvements were small compared to other types of treatment (such as surgery), they were still statistically significant enough for us to recommend this course of action over nothing at all!
Injury, especially sports-related injuries, can lead to inflammation and swelling in the joint. This inflammation can cause pain and stiffness in the joint. It can also lead to long-term changes in your joints that make them more likely to develop Osteoarthritis later on.
The takeaway from this article is that there are five main risk factors for Osteoarthritis: age, gender, heredity and obesity. You can reduce your risks by being active or eating a healthy diet. If you have been injured before or received a blow to the elbow from playing sports as a child, then it is important to check with your doctor about any possible treatment options for Osteoarthritis in your knees.
Osteoarthritis can be a common disease, but it doesn’t have to be. You can do things to prevent it from developing or getting worse. The most important thing is to stay active and ensure your body stays healthy. If you have any of these risk factors for Osteoarthritis, don’t hesitate to get them fixed!
If you require the services of a specialist, contact the Best Orthopedic Hospital In Kolkata.
Contact the appropriate orthopaedic specialist if you are suffering from any other orthopaedic conditions. For example, if you’re suffering from knee pain, contact the Best Orthopedic Doctor in Salt Lake.