Concussions are one of the most neglected brain injuries across the globe. A recent study conducted by a sports journal stated that out of ten shocks six goes unreported, which is highly alarming. The best way to reduce that number is by providing better education to players regarding the consequences of head concussions.

In reality, providing training to the athlete is not enough; the parents and enough should also get trained regarding how to identify a head injury and the symptoms of it. The journal also stated that the long term effect of head injury is what makes concussion a severe threat to the well being of an athlete.

The alarming statistics which came to light: While conducting the survey, the experts noticed a trained among young athletes, which is not at all worth appreciating; young athletes while engaging in body contact sports often ignore head injuries to look strong in front of their peers and harm themselves in the long term. The experts feel that every player should get basic training in identifying a concussion so that he can locate his peer who suffered such an injury.

The international body of football regularly trains their referees to identify head injury and made strict regulations to stop the game in case of any head injury. In spite of all the efforts, the number of unreported cases is increasing with every passing year. The reasons which our expert held responsible for less reported cases of concussions are; firstly, the player does not want to look in front of his peers, secondly, they fear that getting substituted with an injury can hamper their reputation and lastly they feel hiding the damage will help them to remain on the field for longer time. Each of the reasons can easily get regarded as highly superficial as a treatment for concussion in early stages probably takes a week to recover which is not much when the entire career of a player is at stake. A person suffering from a broken leg on the field and getting subbed from the field has less long term effect when we consider head injury.

The long term effects: The long term effects of concussions are depressions, headaches, and in some extreme cases, Alzheimer’s. The report forced many sports bodies to sit up and take notice of the situation, and they are bringing in new rules to strengthen themselves further to identify such conditions and handle better in the future.

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Good oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist will help you maintain healthy teeth and gums.

Here are the top 10 tips to help you look after your teeth.

1) Brush at least twice a day. The best time to brush teeth is after meals. Choose a toothbrush with a small head for better access to back teeth. Soft bristles are kinder on your gums.

2) Use fluoridated toothpaste. Fluoride helps to harden tooth enamel and reduces your risk of decay.

3) Brush thoroughly. Tooth brushing should take between 2 and 3 minutes.

4) Floss your teeth daily. Use a slow and gentle sawing motion.

5) Limit sugary foods. Bacteria in dental plaque change sugars into acids.

6) Limit acidic drinks like soft drinks, cordials and fruit juices. Food acids soften tooth material and dissolve the minerals in tooth enamel, causing holes (cavities or caries). In severe cases, teeth may be ‘eaten’ right down to the gum.

7) Protect your teeth from injury. Wear a mouthguard or full-face helmet when playing sports.

8) Avoid using your teeth for anything other than chewing food. If you use them to crack nuts, remove bottle tops or rip open packaging, you risk chipping or even breaking your teeth.

9) Try to save a knocked out tooth. If possible, hold the tooth back in place while you seek immediate dental advice. If this is not possible, wrap the tooth in plastic or place it in milk and seek dental advice immediately.

10) See your dentist for regular check-ups. You should also visit your dentist if you have a dental problem such as a toothache or bleeding gums.


Looking for an advanced Dental Care Clinic inSalt Lake? JBCH has opened their Orthodontics department with the finest treatment facilities and reputed doctors for Root Canal Treatment, Pediatric dentistry, Crowning, Fracture treatment and any kind of dental problems. Contact us at or Call 03323377766 for Appointment.


Think of a person suffering from joint or hip arthritis should always go for non-evasive options before leaping into some evasive surgical procedure. There are many complications which can arrive once a person goes under the knife and person whose pain is still within manageable level should go for the non-evasive option. In today’s blog, we will talk about a few of the best non-evasive options when it comes to treating this painful condition.

  1. Medication for joint pain and swelling: When the pain is well within the manageable range, it is advisable to take oral medication or in some cases, intravenous medicines instead of surgery. There are several doctors available in the city that can treat a person with good medicine to treat swelling and tackle the constant pain.
  2. Physical therapy for hip arthritis and knee arthritis: There is no alternative to physical therapy. A person not suffering from this painful condition should consider using medicine to keep this type of problems at bay. Now, for a person suffering from it should go for a more professional option like a certified therapist who will chalk down plans exclusively for you.
  3. Maintain a healthy weight: The source of all joint problems is overweight. A person carrying extra weight will tend to suffer from joint and hip arthritis. A healthy diet coupled with proper exercise can help significantly in treating a person taking that excess weight. But it is best to get in touch with a nutritionist before beginning with your weight loss program. A certified nutritionist will help to make a diet plan containing all the necessary nutrients required for the body to perform appropriately.
  4. Hip and Knee braces or assistive devices: This is more of aggressive treatment, and people in need of braces are close to getting evasive treatment. A brace helps to support the knee joint externally and thereby reducing the load on the joint to a great extent. Assertive devices such as a cane is another option for people suffering from hip joints problem.
  5. Injection options for hip and knee arthritis: It is an excellent alternative to surgery. It is mostly a delaying option, and people in need of injection to continue with his day to day work may finally go for that surgery. The steroid injections are the most common injection when it comes to treating this pain. The other option is a hyaluronic acid injection, which is a concentrated form of protein and comparatively less harmful than steroids in the long run.

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Chronic pain can be regarded as one of the most nightmare experience a person can have, and one will be surprised to know women suffer more from chronic pain than a man. In this blog, we will talk about seven chronic illnesses which can make the life of a woman way worse than it previously was.

  • Coccydynia: It is one of those illnesses which are unheard of in our daily life. It is related to the tailbone of our spinal cord and often gives a hell of an experience to a person. The cause of such pain mostly contributes due to some injury to the tailbone.
  • Degenerative spondylolisthesis: The cause of such pain happens due to the forward movement of one lumbar vertebra over the other leading to severe distress among both men and women. The symptoms of the disease include problems like constant aching of the leg or numbness and failure to walk or stand for a long time continuously.
  • Fibromyalgia causes widespread pain and fatigue: Fibromyalgia is a rheumatic condition where pain mostly originates in areas called tender points. People who have fibromyalgia are the victim of intense pain in the upper and lower back, neck, and hips. It commonly found among women and statistically found that 90% of victims of this disease are women in the age group of 40 and 75.
  • Piriformis Syndrome can mimic sciatica pain: The particular muscle in question helps to stabilize the hip joint and makes movements like walking and rotation of the thigh possible. The chronic pain originates when the piriformis spasms and pushes against or aggravates the sciatic nerves.
  • Stiffness, Pain Common in Spinal Osteoarthritis: When we talk about osteoarthritis, we commonly draw a picture that it is related to aching knees or hips, but a layperson will be surprised to know that our back is not exempted from the pain as well. It is one of the most painful degenerative diseases that cause breaking of fibrous cartilages at a point where the vertebrae connect.
  • Sacroiliac Joint dysfunction: The particular joint called Sacroiliac acts as a shock absorber between a person’s upper body and pelvis. If something goes wrong with the pain, it can lead to excruciating pain and the name of the illness is known as sacroiliac joint dysfunction.
  • Compression fractures tied to osteoporosis: Osteoporosis is one of the most commonly found bone disorder found in women in their 40s. The disease affects the bone by thinning it to a point where it breaks very easily. The breaking of bone due to this reason is known as a compression fracture.

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Obesity and orthopedics have a relation. Obese patients, if diagnosed with knee or hip replacement for arthritis, often are told to lose substantial pound before surgery. Quite obviously, patients feel disheartened and disappointed after hearing such things.

In most cases it is seen that obese patients have toiled hard to lose some pounds but were hardly successful. Their pain of arthritis decreases activity and prohibits them from exercise. As a result, they gain weight instead of losing it. So, telling them to lose weight prior joint surgery is like telling them that the surgery is not possible.

Obesity – Why is it an obstacle to joint surgery?   

What surgeons recommend obese patients might be disappointing but it is rational. People with excess weight have greater risk of complications and they are lesser chance of experiencing pain relief that is usually expected after such major operations. Several studies have even shown that after knee or hip replacement, overweight people experience more of dislocations and infections and less of good results.

However, many of the studies are quite old and latest studies show a different picture altogether. Recent study on benefits and risks of joint replacement amongst obese patients shed new light.

Obese is not a Bar to Joint Replacement   

New study says that obese does not preclude any joint replacement. Researchers have surveyed 5000 people who had knee or hip replacement surgery and analyzed their functioning and pain six months before and after surgery. Their analysis has brought the following results –

  • Patients with excess weight experienced poorer function and more pain before surgery than lean people.


  • Functional gain of obese patients after six months of surgery was significant. Their gain was similar to the one experienced by lean persons.


  • Pain level after joint replacement was same for people of all weight. Pain relief was much greater amongst people with obesity than others.

Thus, it is concluded that obesity cannot deter joint replacement surgery. However, there are chances of more complications which this study has not examined.

With problems of arthritis and obesity significantly rising in India, this study is likely to help many people. Researchers are also of the opinion that surgeons must change their view regarding surgery of obese patients having severe arthritis. However, avoiding obesity is always preferable though there are many evidences that joint replacement is not limited to lean persons. Thus, fewer obese people will now likely to turn down for joint surgery.


Executive spine health deterioration has been a raging issue over the past couple of decades. Hundreds of office goers spending at least eight hours of their day scrunched up in their office chairs have been victim to some form of spinal issues that may have started with mild pains but eventually lead to severe problems like deformities, chronic pains and even slipped discs for that matter. Very severe cases that have till date, paved way for intrusive procedures like surgeries and heavy medication have been witnessed in cases where poor postures were topped with poor diet and lack of moderate back exercises.

Given the fact that spinal issues can lead to heavily compromised lifestyle, it is imperative to take the matter seriously right from day one. Here are a few tried and tested effective tips for executive back/spinal health improvement that you can start with right away for outstanding results…

Tips to improve back health while in office:

1) Don’t sit… stand and work instead. As per spinal health experts sitting for long hours cause very serious back pains and long terms spinal health issues. Therefore, if you have a desk job, make sure that you stand up often. In fact, you can mount your computer/laptop on a high desk and work while standing. This will go a long way to keep your back in shape.

2) Use back braces. If you have developed mild to moderate pains already, there is no shame in wearing back braces to the office. Back braces not only offer support to your spine, they also ensure keeping back upright in the best posture while preventing you from slouching. Back braces are in fact, the best tools for posture correction.

3) Devote time to in-office exercises. Yes… more and more responsible companies are urging their executives to devote 10 to 15 minutes at least to office workouts that requires minimum space and can be done while sitting down as well. Approach a trained professional for guidance and start immediately. This can be the best gift you could give to your spine.

4) Use ergonomic chairs. These chairs are designed to support your back and keep your spine in best posture while you are sitting. They are very comfortable too but not soft enough that you will sink in or slouch.

5) Carry nutritious homemade lunch. Your musculoskeletal system requires proper nutrition that is rich in proteins, vitamins, calcium, magnesium etc. These are dietary/nutritional components that are usually missing from processed food. Healthy fats including Omega 3 can be a blessing for your bone/spine health. Therefore, it is best that you also take proper supplements with your meals to meet daily nutritional requirements for spine health.

While at home.:

  • Better sitting arrangement – If there is a couch in your house that makes you slouch, it may be time to get rid of it and invest in a firmer and more ergonomic option. The idea is to keep good posture and stay away from sitting for long hours.
  • Improve on sleeping posture – Sleeping postures can contribute massively to improving spine health. This includes investing in proper mattresses and pillows as well. The idea is to ensure that you maintain a position that keeps your spine in its original shape. This way, you can heal while you sleep.
  • Start your day with exercises – 15 minutes of stretches and strength exercises after you wake up is all you need to maintain perfect spine health. It will also keep your energy up all day and prevent fatigue or lethargy.

Find the best spine surgeon and Check spine surgery cost in Kolkata


As you grow older, you start experiencing pains and ache in different parts of the body. However, such issues can be chronic for some, especially people who have crossed the age of 65. Everyone knows that chronic pains for an aging person are a lifelong problem.

Chronic Pains

The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association says that “…between 25% and 50% of community-dwelling elderly have important pain problems…Geriatric nursing home residents have an even higher prevalence of pain…between 45% and 80%.” Such pains can be due to –

  • cancer
  • joint disorders
  • arthritis
  • other chronic problems

Chronic pain mostly remains untreated and this causes great problems. Aged people believe that pains are natural with aging and so, they do not seek any treatment for them. They feel that nothing can give relief from such pains. Now, going without treatment affects quality of one’s life and imposes serious problems over mental and physical health. This can result in many things like –

  • Impairment
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Sleep problems
  • Isolation
  • Immobility

Elderly people also lack in understanding pain management and they fear medication because of adverse impact on their health.

How to assess pains in aged people?

Chronic pain in older people can be treated only when you can assess their discomfort level. The 0-10 pain scale is a good way to measure intensity of pain. “0” here implies “no pain” and “10” means “worst pain possible”. This rating helps doctors to have a comprehensive assessment of the pain, its nature, severity and the way it might change with time.

Methods of Pain Management

One common treatment of chronic pain is through prescribed medication. However, you should remember that aged patients metabolize medicines in a different way because of changes in blood flow, liver functioning and kidney condition. Hence, it is essential to identify real cause of the pain. For instance, nociceptive pain is related to stimulation of nerve cells due to illness or injury. Again, neuropathic pain occurs due to nerve injury.

Each pain is treated differently. Thus, what is effective for one pain might be ineffective for another. Musculoskeletal pain is treated by anti-inflammatory and non-opioid analgesic medications which include naproxen (Aleve), acetaminophen (Tylenol), aspirin and ibuprofen (Advil). Opioid analgesics should be carefully employed under the close supervision of an expert physician.

Pain Management beside Prescribed Medication   

There are other alternatives of treating pain asides prescribed medications. Some physicians recommend these methods together with medication.

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

This is psychological intervention which may alter and reduce the reaction towards pain.

  • Massage Therapy

Massaging might help in relaxing the muscles in the affected area.

  • Cold Laser Therapy

With the help of this therapy, damaged tissue is stimulated and pain is reduced and healed.

  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation(TENS)

This method uses electrical impulse for stimulating the nerves and give relief from pain.

  • Physical Therapy

This therapy includes yoga, walking, stretching or weight training. Exercise also helps a lot in ailing pain. In other words, old people have to be physically active to be healthy and promote overall body functioning.

Are you worried about chronic pain in your near and dear ones or yourself? Do not leave it without any treatment! Immediately get in touch with a doctor and go for proper treatment to reduce and manage the pain. Book an appointment at


The soccer often gets regarded as one of the most physical demand and challenging sports along with rugby. Like every physical or body touching sport the injuries are part and parcel of it, and in this blog, we will be talking about some of the five common injuries that we can associate with soccer.

1) Ligament injuries of the knee: the ligaments are the most prime victims when it comes to playing soccer, and one does not have to be a professional player to become a victim of ligament injury. The two most frequently injured ligaments are anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL). The twisting of the knee is the most commonly attributed reason for such injury.

2) Shin Splints: This is another injury widely found in people involved with impact sports such as basketballers, soccer players or runners. It generally caused due to excess and continuous stress on the tibia or the shin bone. The chances of such may increase for people with flat feet or people with rigid arches. The best method to avoid such injury is to wear proper footwear during the activity.

3) Strains: It is an injury commonly associated with muscles and tendons. The result of such damage is mostly due to overuse or overwork of some part of the body. There are three grades of sprain injury, and they are Grade 1 which gets commonly referred to mild injuries; the Grade 2 gets related to moderate injuries and takes a longer time to heal. The Grade 3 is serious of the lot which is severe and takes months to recover.

4) Sprains: It is another injury prevalent in soccer players associated with twisting or tear of the ligaments. They are injuries related to knee, ankles and wrists ligament tears. The symptoms generally related to sprains are swelling, bruising and severe difficulty in walking.

5) Concussions: It is one of the most severe injuries one soccer player can face in his playing days. Though, in injuries such as this, the neurologist gets to treat the patient first as it is related to the brain. The damage to the bone structure takes the back seat, and brain nerves get the preference. In severe cases of concussions, people have developed Alzheimer’s in the future.

These are some of the few injuries found in people involved in body touching sports, and in some injuries like concussions the effect can be long lasting; it is advisable to go for some professional opinion in scenarios such as these.

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Calcium is considered the most powerful and useful nutrient, as it is capable of building strong bones in both adults and kids alike. It aids the human body greatly in getting other health benefits, as well. Calcium has the ability not only to keep the muscles and nerves functioning properly. It also plays a vital part in keeping the heart of an individual healthy.

If you would like your kids to have strong bones, then you need to feed them with enough amounts of calcium right from their childhood. This is for the reason that this nutrient is the only most effective and powerful way to make their bones stronger. When your kids get a sufficient amount of calcium, it will allow them to maintain their adult lives with stronger bones. This means that they will not be easily vulnerable to bone fracture, even if they accidentally fall, which is the most common occurrence in elders.

Usually, babies, as well as young kids, are more susceptible to suffer from a disease, known as rickets. This is because of the insufficient amount of vitamin D and calcium available in their body.  Rickets will usually make their bones softer and it will cause stunted growth, bowlegs, and painful or fragile muscles. Thus, providing your kids with calcium-rich foods will allow them to stay away safely from these medical disorders.

You can find calcium in a variety of food items, including dairy foods. These foods are considered the best natural resources of calcium. Some of these foods include:

  • Yogurt
  • Milk
  • Solid cheeses, such as cheddar.

The proportion of fat in milk as well as in other dairy food items will no way affect their calcium intake. You can have a detailed discussion with your family doctor to offer the right kind of milk to your kids.

If your kids do not like milk, you still have other calcium-rich foods to strengthen the bones of your kids. These foods include:

  • Calcium-rich tofu
  • Soybeans
  • Leafy vegetables, such as broccoli, kale, collard greens, Chinese cabbage, chard, etc.
  • Sesame seeds and almonds.
  • Red beans, white beans, and chickpeas.
  • Figs, oranges, and prunes.

As calcium is so vital, food manufacturers often include it to bread, cereal, juice, and other child-friendly foods.

The amount of calcium that your kids need will mainly count on their age. Your 6-month old babies will need a daily amount of 200 mg calcium. From the seventh month to the eleventh month, they may need 260 mg.

For those who are 1 to 3 years they may require 700 mg, between 4 and 8 years, 1000mg, and from 9 years to 18 years, they may need 1300 mg of calcium.

However, preadolescence and adolescence people may have to incorporate foods that are rich in calcium into their daily diet.

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About JBCH


Centre of excellence in the field of orthopaedics & related disciplines including spine, paediatric orthopaedic, sports medicine, pain management & sports injuries, etc.

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DD-35, Sec-1, saltlake city,
(Seva Hospital Building)
Near city centre 1

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