Concussions are one of the most neglected brain injuries across the globe. A recent study conducted by a sports journal stated that out of ten shocks six goes unreported, which is highly alarming. The best way to reduce that number is by providing better education to players regarding the consequences of head concussions.

In reality, providing training to the athlete is not enough; the parents and enough should also get trained regarding how to identify a head injury and the symptoms of it. The journal also stated that the long term effect of head injury is what makes concussion a severe threat to the well being of an athlete.

The alarming statistics which came to light: While conducting the survey, the experts noticed a trained among young athletes, which is not at all worth appreciating; young athletes while engaging in body contact sports often ignore head injuries to look strong in front of their peers and harm themselves in the long term. The experts feel that every player should get basic training in identifying a concussion so that he can locate his peer who suffered such an injury.

The international body of football regularly trains their referees to identify head injury and made strict regulations to stop the game in case of any head injury. In spite of all the efforts, the number of unreported cases is increasing with every passing year. The reasons which our expert held responsible for less reported cases of concussions are; firstly, the player does not want to look in front of his peers, secondly, they fear that getting substituted with an injury can hamper their reputation and lastly they feel hiding the damage will help them to remain on the field for longer time. Each of the reasons can easily get regarded as highly superficial as a treatment for concussion in early stages probably takes a week to recover which is not much when the entire career of a player is at stake. A person suffering from a broken leg on the field and getting subbed from the field has less long term effect when we consider head injury.

The long term effects: The long term effects of concussions are depressions, headaches, and in some extreme cases, Alzheimer’s. The report forced many sports bodies to sit up and take notice of the situation, and they are bringing in new rules to strengthen themselves further to identify such conditions and handle better in the future.

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Good oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist will help you maintain healthy teeth and gums.

Here are the top 10 tips to help you look after your teeth.

1) Brush at least twice a day. The best time to brush teeth is after meals. Choose a toothbrush with a small head for better access to back teeth. Soft bristles are kinder on your gums.

2) Use fluoridated toothpaste. Fluoride helps to harden tooth enamel and reduces your risk of decay.

3) Brush thoroughly. Tooth brushing should take between 2 and 3 minutes.

4) Floss your teeth daily. Use a slow and gentle sawing motion.

5) Limit sugary foods. Bacteria in dental plaque change sugars into acids.

6) Limit acidic drinks like soft drinks, cordials and fruit juices. Food acids soften tooth material and dissolve the minerals in tooth enamel, causing holes (cavities or caries). In severe cases, teeth may be ‘eaten’ right down to the gum.

7) Protect your teeth from injury. Wear a mouthguard or full-face helmet when playing sports.

8) Avoid using your teeth for anything other than chewing food. If you use them to crack nuts, remove bottle tops or rip open packaging, you risk chipping or even breaking your teeth.

9) Try to save a knocked out tooth. If possible, hold the tooth back in place while you seek immediate dental advice. If this is not possible, wrap the tooth in plastic or place it in milk and seek dental advice immediately.

10) See your dentist for regular check-ups. You should also visit your dentist if you have a dental problem such as a toothache or bleeding gums.


Looking for an advanced Dental Care Clinic inSalt Lake? JBCH has opened their Orthodontics department with the finest treatment facilities and reputed doctors for Root Canal Treatment, Pediatric dentistry, Crowning, Fracture treatment and any kind of dental problems. Contact us at or Call 03323377766 for Appointment.


Think of a person suffering from joint or hip arthritis should always go for non-evasive options before leaping into some evasive surgical procedure. There are many complications which can arrive once a person goes under the knife and person whose pain is still within manageable level should go for the non-evasive option. In today’s blog, we will talk about a few of the best non-evasive options when it comes to treating this painful condition.

  1. Medication for joint pain and swelling: When the pain is well within the manageable range, it is advisable to take oral medication or in some cases, intravenous medicines instead of surgery. There are several doctors available in the city that can treat a person with good medicine to treat swelling and tackle the constant pain.
  2. Physical therapy for hip arthritis and knee arthritis: There is no alternative to physical therapy. A person not suffering from this painful condition should consider using medicine to keep this type of problems at bay. Now, for a person suffering from it should go for a more professional option like a certified therapist who will chalk down plans exclusively for you.
  3. Maintain a healthy weight: The source of all joint problems is overweight. A person carrying extra weight will tend to suffer from joint and hip arthritis. A healthy diet coupled with proper exercise can help significantly in treating a person taking that excess weight. But it is best to get in touch with a nutritionist before beginning with your weight loss program. A certified nutritionist will help to make a diet plan containing all the necessary nutrients required for the body to perform appropriately.
  4. Hip and Knee braces or assistive devices: This is more of aggressive treatment, and people in need of braces are close to getting evasive treatment. A brace helps to support the knee joint externally and thereby reducing the load on the joint to a great extent. Assertive devices such as a cane is another option for people suffering from hip joints problem.
  5. Injection options for hip and knee arthritis: It is an excellent alternative to surgery. It is mostly a delaying option, and people in need of injection to continue with his day to day work may finally go for that surgery. The steroid injections are the most common injection when it comes to treating this pain. The other option is a hyaluronic acid injection, which is a concentrated form of protein and comparatively less harmful than steroids in the long run.

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Chronic pain can be regarded as one of the most nightmare experience a person can have, and one will be surprised to know women suffer more from chronic pain than a man. In this blog, we will talk about seven chronic illnesses which can make the life of a woman way worse than it previously was.

  • Coccydynia: It is one of those illnesses which are unheard of in our daily life. It is related to the tailbone of our spinal cord and often gives a hell of an experience to a person. The cause of such pain mostly contributes due to some injury to the tailbone.
  • Degenerative spondylolisthesis: The cause of such pain happens due to the forward movement of one lumbar vertebra over the other leading to severe distress among both men and women. The symptoms of the disease include problems like constant aching of the leg or numbness and failure to walk or stand for a long time continuously.
  • Fibromyalgia causes widespread pain and fatigue: Fibromyalgia is a rheumatic condition where pain mostly originates in areas called tender points. People who have fibromyalgia are the victim of intense pain in the upper and lower back, neck, and hips. It commonly found among women and statistically found that 90% of victims of this disease are women in the age group of 40 and 75.
  • Piriformis Syndrome can mimic sciatica pain: The particular muscle in question helps to stabilize the hip joint and makes movements like walking and rotation of the thigh possible. The chronic pain originates when the piriformis spasms and pushes against or aggravates the sciatic nerves.
  • Stiffness, Pain Common in Spinal Osteoarthritis: When we talk about osteoarthritis, we commonly draw a picture that it is related to aching knees or hips, but a layperson will be surprised to know that our back is not exempted from the pain as well. It is one of the most painful degenerative diseases that cause breaking of fibrous cartilages at a point where the vertebrae connect.
  • Sacroiliac Joint dysfunction: The particular joint called Sacroiliac acts as a shock absorber between a person’s upper body and pelvis. If something goes wrong with the pain, it can lead to excruciating pain and the name of the illness is known as sacroiliac joint dysfunction.
  • Compression fractures tied to osteoporosis: Osteoporosis is one of the most commonly found bone disorder found in women in their 40s. The disease affects the bone by thinning it to a point where it breaks very easily. The breaking of bone due to this reason is known as a compression fracture.

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Obesity and orthopedics have a relation. Obese patients, if diagnosed with knee or hip replacement for arthritis, often are told to lose substantial pound before surgery. Quite obviously, patients feel disheartened and disappointed after hearing such things.

In most cases it is seen that obese patients have toiled hard to lose some pounds but were hardly successful. Their pain of arthritis decreases activity and prohibits them from exercise. As a result, they gain weight instead of losing it. So, telling them to lose weight prior joint surgery is like telling them that the surgery is not possible.

Obesity – Why is it an obstacle to joint surgery?   

What surgeons recommend obese patients might be disappointing but it is rational. People with excess weight have greater risk of complications and they are lesser chance of experiencing pain relief that is usually expected after such major operations. Several studies have even shown that after knee or hip replacement, overweight people experience more of dislocations and infections and less of good results.

However, many of the studies are quite old and latest studies show a different picture altogether. Recent study on benefits and risks of joint replacement amongst obese patients shed new light.

Obese is not a Bar to Joint Replacement   

New study says that obese does not preclude any joint replacement. Researchers have surveyed 5000 people who had knee or hip replacement surgery and analyzed their functioning and pain six months before and after surgery. Their analysis has brought the following results –

  • Patients with excess weight experienced poorer function and more pain before surgery than lean people.


  • Functional gain of obese patients after six months of surgery was significant. Their gain was similar to the one experienced by lean persons.


  • Pain level after joint replacement was same for people of all weight. Pain relief was much greater amongst people with obesity than others.

Thus, it is concluded that obesity cannot deter joint replacement surgery. However, there are chances of more complications which this study has not examined.

With problems of arthritis and obesity significantly rising in India, this study is likely to help many people. Researchers are also of the opinion that surgeons must change their view regarding surgery of obese patients having severe arthritis. However, avoiding obesity is always preferable though there are many evidences that joint replacement is not limited to lean persons. Thus, fewer obese people will now likely to turn down for joint surgery.

About JBCH


Centre of excellence in the field of orthopaedics & related disciplines including spine, paediatric orthopaedic, sports medicine, pain management & sports injuries, etc.

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DD-35, Sec-1, saltlake city,
(Seva Hospital Building)
Near city centre 1

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